Archive Catalog

National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation, 1991

The National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation is a partnership effort with the States and national conservation organizations, and has become one of the most important sources of information on fish and wildlife recreation in the United States. It is a useful tool that quantifies the economic impact of wildlife-based recreation. Federal, State, and private organizations use this detailed information to manage wildlife, market products, and look for trends. The 2011Survey is the twelfth in a series of surveys conducted about every 5 years since 1955.

The Survey is conducted at the request of the state fish and wildlife agencies. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service coordinates the Survey, and the U.S. Census Bureau collects the data by computer-assisted interviews. It is funded by grants from the Multistate Conservation Grant Program authorized by the Wildlife and Sport Fish Restoration Programs Improvement Act of 2000.

The following types of data are presented in the reports:

  • Number of anglers, hunters, and wildlife-watching participants, by type of activity.
  • Trips and days spent on different types of activities.
  • Expenditures (trip, equipment, etc.), by type of fishing and hunting and wildlife-watching activity.
  • Number of participants and days of participation by animal sought.
  • Demographic characteristics of participants (including age, income, sex, race, and education).